Five years have passed since the fifth edition of the PMBOK. We will now review the main changes incorporated in the PMBOK 2018, its 6th edition. Although it was published at the end of last year, it was translated into most languages in 2018.
Table of contents
- 1 10 main changes in the PMBOK 2018
- 1.1 1. Changes in terminology
- 1.2 2. Three new processes are added to the PMBOK 2018
- 1.3 3. The Close Procurement process is eliminated
- 1.4 4. The Estimate Activities Resources process changes knowledge area
- 1.5 5. Tools and Techniques
- 1.6 6. The concept of tailoring
- 1.7 7. The concept of sphere of influence
- 1.8 8. There’s a new chapter: Role of Project Manager
- 1.9 9. The inclusion of Agile concepts
- 1.10 10. The appendices of the sixth edition of PMBOK 2018
10 main changes in the PMBOK 2018
The sixth edition of the PMBOK published by the Project Management Institute includes several changes that we should be aware of. We will briefly review them in ten points to make it easier to understand:
1. Changes in terminology
One of the first changes to the PMBOK 2018 that we have noticed are small changes that affect the way we call things to be more consistent or simpler. For example, if we used to manage time, now we manage the schedule (after all, we can’t control time). Nor can we control communication, participation or risk. We now monitor: communication, participation and risks.
Another example is human resources, which are now included within the resources of the project along with material resources. To avoid redundancies instead of Develop Project Team it is now called Develop Team or instead of Manage Project Team it is now Manage Team.
2. Three new processes are added to the PMBOK 2018
Manage Project Knowledge becomes important, although it appeared in PMBOK v5, but in the sixth edition it becomes a process. The aim is to share knowledge and extract the knowledge acquired for future projects. Naturally, good teamwork is essential for this idea to work.
Implement Risk Response was also present in the previous edition and now becomes a process. The aim is to implement responses to risks and to ensure that they are executed correctly.
Finally, Control Resources is a new process which, as mentioned above, now encompasses both human and material resources control. The goal is to make sure that both are available when needed and as we have planned.
3. The Close Procurement process is eliminated
The Close Procurement process is another change in the PMBOK 2018. It has been eliminated because in reality the project manager hardly played a role in this process. This responsibility usually falls on the procurement manager and the legal team.
4. The Estimate Activities Resources process changes knowledge area
In the previous edition it was in the project time management area. With the changes in the PMBOK 2018, Estimate Activities Resources moves to the project resource management knowledge area.
Although it was in a good section, this change of place makes sense. When we estimate the resources we calculate the times, but also the efforts and other resources.
5. Tools and Techniques
The application of tools and techniques is essential to achieve the objectives of a project. The PMBOK 2018 reduces the number compared to the fifth edition. In addition, they are now grouped into six categories, as follows:
- Data gathering
- Data analysis
- Data representation
- Decision making
- Communication skills
- Interpersonal skills
6. The concept of tailoring
In the same way that a tailor makes a tailor-made suit with the most suitable materials, the project manager and his team must plan and prepare the most suitable management approach for each project. Taking into account factors such as the scope, characteristics, context and nature of the project.
7. The concept of sphere of influence
Another change in PMBOK 2018 is that it analyses the influence of the project manager on the project and stakeholders wherever they are. In the first sphere is the project manager exerting influence. In the second is the team, in the third the sponsors or PMOs and in the farthest one, customers and suppliers.
8. There’s a new chapter: Role of Project Manager
Chapter 3 of PMBOK 2018 is new and follows the line of the Talent Triangle introduced in 2016. In fact, the first three chapters have been rewritten to better understand the importance of the role of the project manager, although they have not changed much.
It is clear that the project manager must be a leader, a thinker, a business expert and an integrator. The idea of the triangle summarizes in three points the skills required by organizations to be project managers, namely: technical, strategic and leadership.
9. The inclusion of Agile concepts
One of the most notable changes in the PMBOK 2018 is the inclusion of Agile concepts. No doubt they have made an effort to create bridges between the classic and predictive treatment of projects and the Agile methodology. This sixth edition is accompanied by the Agile Practice Guide (a book developed in collaboration with Agile Allianz), an extension of the PMBOK that introduces us to various areas of knowledge.
10. The appendices of the sixth edition of PMBOK 2018
An appendix listing the ten mapped knowledge areas appears in PMBOK 6. Another appendix maps the agile manifesto, the four values and the 12 principles. The rest is very similar, with a good summary.
These are the 10 main changes we have noticed in the PMBOK 2018, the guide to the project management body of knowledge.